• Dynasties
  • Late Kingdom
  • Amyrtaeus

  • Rule:28th Dynasty: 404 - 398 BC
    Predecessor:Persian king Darius 2
    Consorts:Unknown
    Capital City:Sais
    Reign:- Amyrtaeus is the only Pharaoh of the 28th Dynasty
    - His name is known only from Greek language sources and is not attested in hieroglyphic sources, but occurs in demotic script as Amenirdis, his name means ?The god Amun has given him?
    - He was the former Prince of Sais, his grandfather was the leader of an earlier rebellion in 462 BC against the Persians
    - Before his kingship was established Amyrtaeus upheld his family tradition and conducted rebel military campaigns against the Persians, between 404 -400 BC Upper Egypt remained under Persian control, while the forces of Amyrtaeus dominated the Delta
    - In 400 BC the Persians were completely defeated and their occupation ended, and Amyrtaeus became the pharaoh of all Egypt
    His success was aided y the revolt of the Persian satraps of Lydia and Caria
    He also maintained friendly relations with Athens, which was then engaged in hostility with Persia
    To protect from invasion by land by Persians, Amyrtaeus entered into an alliance with the Arabians
    - However a rival prince from Mendes called Nepherites 1 challenged his authority, and his kingdom remained unstable
    - The reign of Amyrtaeus only lasted two more year, since he was defeated by Nepherites, and executed at Memphis in 398 BC, an event mentioned in an Aramaic papyrus from Elephantine
    - Amyrtaeus did not construct any new monuments due to his brief reign
    However there is an inscription in the temple of Khonsu at Karnak expressing that it had been repaired by him, the first record of such work since Thebes was destroyed by the Persian king Cambyses
    His main achievement however was that ultimately, the rebel Pharaoh was successful in liberating his country.
    For two generations, the Persians were unable to re-conquer Egypt.
    Successor:Nepherites 1
    Wikipedia:Amyrtaeus