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  • Hatshepsut

  • Hatshepsut Bust
    Rule:18th Dynasty: 1479-1458 BC
    Predecessor:Consort Thutmose 2
    Father:Thutmose 1
    Mother:Queen Ahmose
    Nomen:Birth name: Hatshepsut: Who loved Amun, foremost of noble ladies
    Praenomen:Throne name: Maatkare: The truth is the soul of Ra
    Consorts:Thutmose 2
    Capital City:Thebes
    - As was common in royal families, she married her half-brother Thutmose 2, who had a son Thutmose 3, by a minor wife.
    - When Thutmose 2 died in 1479 BC his son Thutmose 3 was appointed heir. However Hatshepsut was appointed regent due to the boy's young age.
    - They ruled jointly until 1473 when she declared herself Pharaoh, and became one of the most successful female Pharaoh, reigning longer than any other woman in Egypt
    - This situation was not unprecedented. Hatshepsut was the second known to have formally ruled Egypt after Queen Sobekneferu of the Twelfth Dynasty.
    - She administered affairs of the nation, with the full support of the High Priest of Amun, Hapuseneb and other officials.
    - She even dressed in the traditional garb of male rulers: the shendyt kilt, the Nemes Crown with its , Uraeus and khat head cloth, and the false beard.
    - She Inaugurated a long peaceful era with no wars during her reign, and ordered trade expeditions to the land of Punt, in present-day Somalia, in search of the ivory, animals, spices, gold and perfume trees that Egyptians coveted.
    - These trade expeditions are well documented in the hieroglyphic inscriptions on the walls of her Deir El Bahri Temple.
    - With these inscriptions are included incised representations of the journey, including humorous images of the Puntites and their queen,
    - She built the Deir El Bahri Temple in Thebes, where she made relieves of her divine birth as the daughter of Amun.
    - She also built two obelisks of red granite, the largest built to that point.
    - This was a continuation of the works of her father, who was not able to complete all his construction plans.
    - Her name appeared on the obelisks, but instead of toppling them,
    Thutmose 3 ordered them sheathed in masonry. Their gilded pyramidon were probably the only original elements to be exposed.
    - Later, one of the obelisks was destroyed after all.
    - She claimed to have been handpicked by her father, above her two brothers and her half-brother. In her temple are written the words of Khnum, the divine potter who sculpted the forms of the gods: I will make you to be the first of all living creatures, you will rise as Pharaoh of Upper and of Lower Egypt, as your father Amun, who loves you, did ordain.
    - Hatshepsut's remains were long considered lost, but in June 2007 a mummy from Tomb KV 60 in the Valley of Kings, was identified as her remains
    - The hard stone that had been carved for her funerary coffin was found in over 1,200 pieces
    Successor:- was succeeded by her son in law Thutmose 3
    - After her death, Thutmose 3 had her shrines, statues and reliefs mutilated, and ordered the systematic erasure of her name from any monument she had built. Since most of the images of her were actually males, it was convenient to simply put Thutmose 3 name in Hatshepsut's place.