• New Kingdom
  • Queen Tawosret and Chancellor Bay

  • Queen Tawosret
    Queen Tawosret
    .
    Bay
    Bay - Joseph
    Rule:19th Dynasty: 1191-1190 BC
    Predecessor:Step son Siptah
    Father:Merenptah
    Mother:Queen Takhat
    Nomen:Birth name: Tausert Setepenmut: Mighty lady, chosen of Mut
    Praenomen:Throne name: Sitre Meryamun: Daughter of Ra, beloved of Amun."
    Consorts:Seti 2
    Capital City:Memphis
    Reign:
    • Tawosret was the Great Royal Wife of Seti 2, but had they no sons.
    • When Seti 2 died, her step son Siptah was too young, weak and ineffectual, Tawosret acted as regent jointly with Chancellor Bay
    • She might had actually married her young step son so that she could be actual queen regent, some paintings show her standing behind Siptah in a pose usually reserved for a wife.
    • When Siptah died, Tawosret seized the throne for herself, and assumed the role of a Pharaoh, adopting full royal titles of a male king of Upper and Lower Egypt.
    • She became the final native female to have taken the throne of Egypt, 250 years after the reign of Hatshepsut, and 1150 years before Cleopatra 7
    • Her reign was short and unsuccessful, lasting only two years
    • After the death of Tawosret, Egypt seems to have fallen into anarchy, with many temples being looted by Asiatic followers of Amenmesse (Moses)

    Potiphar's Wife Temptation?

    • She might be the wife of Potiphar who seduced Joseph, as mentioned in the Bible
    • According to the Bible the wife told Joseph that she was ready to kill her husband so that he might marry her legally.
    • But Joseph exclaimed: "After inducing me to commit adultery, you desirest me to become a murderer!" Zelikah promised that, if he would yield to her, she would embrace his religion and induce all the Egyptians to do the same. Joseph answered that the God of the Hebrews does not desire unchaste worshipers
    • The scene between Joseph and Potiphar's wife is practically duplicated in a story preserved in the D'Orbiney Papyrus "The Tale of Two Brothers" And behold the wife of the elder brother was afraid for the words which she had said. She took a parcel of fat, she became like one who is evilly beaten, desiring to say to her husband, "It is your younger brother who has done this wrong." Her husband returned in the even as was his wont of every day: he came into his house; he found his wife ill of violence: she did not give him water upon his hands as he used to have, she did not make a light before him, his house was in darkness, and she was lying very sick. Her husband said to her, "Who has spoken with you?" Behold she said, "No one has spoken with me except your younger brother. When he came to take for you corn he found me sitting alone; he said to me, 'Come, let us stay together, tie up they hair': thus spoke he to me. I did not listen to him, but thus spoke I to him: 'Behold, am I not your mother, is not they elder brother to you as a father?' And he feared, and he beat me to stop me from making report to you, and if you latest him live I shall die. Now behold he is coming in the evening; and I complain of these wicked words, for he would have don this even in the daylight."
    • Read the complete story: Tale of two brothers

    Chancellor Bay the Biblical Joseph?

    • Chancellor Bay was a man of Syrian origin who was originally a royal scribe to Seti 2, but he quickly rose in the Royal court
    • He apparently seduced the pharaoh's widow, and was given total control of Egypt's treasury
    • His career of has a great resemblance to that of the Biblical Joseph (Yusuf), and is the only Asiatic known to have risen to be chancellor of Egypt.
    • Bay's status at Siptah's court was important, and on several of the young king's monuments Bay is shown in scenes with the pharaoh on the same scale as the latter, the earliest occasion in which a commoner was depicted in such a manner
    • However he suddenly disappears from the scene and is executed, deemed as a traitor during Siptah reign, an announcement was released to the workmen of Deir El-Medina of the king's actions stated: Year 5 3 Shemu the 27th the scribe of the tomb Paser came announcing 'Pharaoh, life, prosperity, and health, has killed the great enemy Bay'
    • This may be due to the fact that he was found guilty of collaborating with a rival to the royal court, most likely Amenmesse (Moses), how was previously ousted by Seti 2
    Burial:- She was originally buried in Valley of Kings - KV 14
    - However her tomb was usurped by Setnakhte
    - An unknown mummy found in the KV35 cache, has been identified as possibly belonging to Tawosret
    Successor:- Tawosret's was deposed from power by Setnakhte who founded the 20th Dynasty
    Wikipedia:Twosret