Upper Egypt - immediately north of the first cataract
Nile island measuring 1.2 km from north to south
|Nome||Land of the arch - the 1st Nome of Upper Egypt|
|Type of Settlement||Garrison town, and Capital of the Nome|
The Royal Tombs of Aswan - West bank of Nile |
|Local deity||The triad of Khnum - the ram-headed god of the cataracts, Satis and Anuket|
|Ancient name||Yabu - which also meant elephant|
There are large boulders in the river near the island which resembled bathing elephants, and this has been suggested as a reason for the island's name.
|Historical Development||- Elephantine Island is the largest of the Aswan area islands, and is one of the most ancient sites in Egypt, with artifacts dating to the Pre-Dynastic Period.
- Due to its location at the first Cataract of the Nile, it provided a natural boundary between Egypt and Nubia.
- The ancient town located in the southern part of the island was a fortress through much of it's history.
- At one time, there was a bridge from the mainland to the island.